Console game

A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.

The term "video game console" is primarily used to distinguish a console machine primarily designed for consumers to use console game playing video games, console game contrast to arcade machines or home computers.

An arcade machine consists of a video game computer, display, game controller (joystick, buttons, etc.) and speakers housed in large console game. A home computer is a personal computer designed for home use for a variety of purposes, such console game bookkeeping, accessing the Internet and playing video games.

Unlike similar consumer electronics such as music players and movie players, which use industry-wide standard formats, video game consoles use proprietary formats which compete with each other for market share.[1] There are various types of video game consoles, including console game video game consoles, handheld game consoles, microconsoles and dedicated consoles.

Although Ralph Baer had built working game consoles by 1966, it was nearly a decade before the Pong console game made them commonplace in regular people's living rooms.

Through evolution over the 1990s and 2000s, game consoles have expanded to offer additional functions such as CD players, DVD players, Blu-ray disc players, web browsers, set-top boxes and more.

History[edit]

Overview of timeline[edit]

First generation[edit]

Main article: First generation of video game console game also: Early history of video games

The first video games appeared in the 1960s.[20] They were played on massive computers connected to vector displays, not analog televisions.

Ralph H. Baer console game the idea of a home video game in 1951. In the late 1960s, while working for Sanders Associates, Baer created a console game of video console game console designs.

One of these designs, which gained the nickname of the 1966 "Brown Box", featured changeable game modes and was demonstrated to several TV manufacturers, ultimately console game to an agreement between Sanders Associates and Magnavox.[21] In 1972, Magnavox released console game Magnavox Odyssey, the first home video game console which could be connected to a TV set.

Ralph Baer's initial design had called for a huge row of switches that would allow players to turn on and off certain components of the console (the Odyssey lacked a CPU) to create slightly different games like tennis, volleyball, hockey, and chase.

Magnavox replaced the switch design with separate cartridges for each game. Although Baer had sketched up ideas for cartridges that could include new components for new games, the carts released by Magnavox all served the same function as the switches and allowed players to choose from the Odyssey's built-in games.

The Odyssey initially sold about 100,000 units,[22] making it moderately successful, and it was not until Atari's arcade gamePong popularized video games that the public began to take more notice of the emerging industry.

By autumn 1975, Magnavox, bowing to the popularity of Pong, canceled the Odyssey and released a scaled-down version that played only Pong and hockey, the Odyssey 100. A second, "higher end" console, the Odyssey 200, was released with the 100 and added on-screen scoring, up to four players, and console game third game—Smash.

Almost simultaneously released with Atari's own home Pong console through Sears, these consoles jump-started the consumer market. All console game of the new consoles used simpler designs than the original Odyssey did with no board game pieces or extra console game. In the years that followed, the market saw many companies rushing similar consoles to market. After General Instrument released their inexpensive microchips, each containing a complete console on a single chip, many small developers began releasing console game that looked different externally, but internally were playing exactly the same games.

Most of the consoles from this era were console game consoles playing only the games that console game with the console. These video game consoles were often just called video games because there was little reason to distinguish the two yet. While a few companies like Atari, Magnavox, and newcomer Coleco pushed the envelope, the market became flooded with simple, similar video games.

Second generation[edit]

Main article: Second generation of video game consoles

Home consoles[edit]

Fairchild released the Fairchild Video Entertainment System (VES) in 1976.

While there had been previous game consoles that used cartridges, either the cartridges had no information and served the same function as flipping switches (the Odyssey) or the console itself was empty (Coleco Telstar) and the cartridge contained all of the game components.

The VES, however, contained a programmable microprocessor so its cartridges only needed a single Console game chip to store microprocessor instructions.

RCA and Atari soon released their own cartridge-based console game, the RCA Studio II and the Atari 2600 (originally branded as the Atari Video Computer System), respectively.

JapanNorth AmericaEuropeUnits sold
Fairchild Channel F19771976none250,000
Atari 260019831977197830,000,000
Magnavox Odyssey²1982197919782,000,000
Intellivision1982198019823,000,000
ColecoVisionnone198219832,000,000
Atari 5200none1982none1,000,000

Handheld game consoles[edit]

The first handheld game console with interchangeable cartridges was the Microvision designed by Smith Engineering, and distributed and sold by Milton-Bradley in 1979.

Crippled by a small, fragile LCD display and a very narrow selection of games, it was discontinued two years later. The Epoch Game Pocket Computer was released in Japan in 1984. The Game Pocket Computer featured an LCD screen with 75 X 64 resolution and could produce graphics at about the same level as early Atari 2600 games.

The system sold very poorly, and as a result, only five games were made for it. Nintendo's Game & Watch series of dedicated game systems proved more successful.

It helped to establish handheld gaming console game popular and lasted until 1991. Many Game & Watch games were later re-released on Nintendo's subsequent handheld systems.

Rebirth of the home console market[edit]

The VES continued to be sold at a profit after console game, and both Bally (with their Home Library Computer in 1977) and Magnavox (with the Odyssey² console game 1978) brought their own programmable cartridge-based consoles to the console game.

However, it was not until Atari console game a conversion of the golden age arcade hit Space Invaders in console game for the Atari 2600 that the home console industry took off. Many consumers bought an Atari console so they could play Space Invaders at home. The unprecedented success of Space Invaders started the trend of console manufacturers trying to get exclusive rights to arcade titles, and the trend of advertisements for game consoles claiming to bring the arcade experience home.

Throughout the early 1980s, other companies released video game consoles of their own. Many of the video game systems (e.g. ColecoVision) were technically superior to the Atari 2600, and marketed as console game over the Atari 2600. However, Atari dominated the console market console game the early console game American video game crash of 1983[edit]

Main article: North American video game crash of 1983

In 1983, the video game business suffered a much more severe crash.

A flood of low-quality video games by smaller companies (especially for the console game, industry leader Atari hyping games such as E.T and a 2600 version of Pac-Man that were poorly received, and a growing number of console game computer users caused consumers and retailers to lose faith in video game consoles.

Most video game companies filed for bankruptcy, or moved into other industries, abandoning their game consoles. A group of employees from Mattel Electronics formed the INTV Corporation and bought the rights for the Intellivision. INTV alone continued to manufacture the Intellivision in small quantities and release new Intellivision games until 1991. All other North American game consoles were discontinued by 1984.

Revenues generated by the video game industry fell by 97% during the crash.

Third generation[edit]

Main article: Third generation of video game consoles

Home consoles[edit]

In 1983, Nintendo released the Family Computer (or Famicom) in Japan.

The Famicom supported high-resolution sprites, larger color console game, and tiled backgrounds. This allowed Famicom games to be longer and have more detailed graphics. Nintendo began attempts to bring their Famicom to the U.S. after the video game market had crashed.

In the Console game, video games were seen as a fad that had already passed. To distinguish its product from older game consoles, Nintendo released their Famicom as the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) which used a front-loading cartridge port console game to a VCR, included a plastic "robot" (R.O.B.), and was initially advertised as a toy. The NES was the highest selling console in the history of North America and revitalized the video console game market. Mario of Super Mario Bros.

became a global icon starting with his NES games. Nintendo took a somewhat unusual stance console game third-party developers for its console.

Nintendo contractually restricted third-party developers to three NES titles per year and forbade them from developing for other video game consoles. The practice ensured Nintendo's market dominance and prevented the flood of trash titles that had helped kill the Atari, but console game ruled illegal late in the console's lifecycle.[23]

Sega's Master System was intended to compete with the NES, but never console game any significant market share in the US or Japan and was barely profitable.

It fared notably better in PAL territories. In Europe and South America, the Master System competed with the NES and console game new game releases even after Sega's next-generation Mega Drive was released. In Brazil where strict importation laws and rampant piracy kept out competitors, the Console game System outsold the NES by a massive margin and remained popular into the 1990s.[24] Jack Tramiel, after buying Atari, downsizing its staff, and settling its legal disputes, attempted to bring Atari back into the home console market.

Atari released a smaller, console game, cheaper version of their popular Atari 2600. They also released the Atari 7800, a console technologically comparable with the NES and backward compatible with the 2600. Finally, Atari repackaged its 8-bit XE home computer as the XEGS game console.

The console game consoles helped Atari claw its way out of debt, but failed to gain much market console game from Nintendo. Atari's lack of funds meant that its consoles saw fewer releases, lower production values (both the manuals and the game labels were frequently black and white), and limited distribution. Additionally, two popular 8-bit computers, console game Commodore 64 and Amstrad CPC, were repackaged as the Commodore console game Games System and Amstrad GX4000 respectively, for entry into the console market.

Handheld game consoles[edit]

In the latter part of console game third generation, Nintendo introduced the Game Boy and Atari released the Atari Lynx portable game consoles, pioneering and solidifying the handheld video game industry.

Fourth generation[edit]

Main article: Fourth generation of video game consoles

Home consoles[edit]

NEC console game the first fourth-generation console to market with their PC Engine (or TurboGrafx16) when Hudson Soft approached them with an advanced graphics chip.

Hudson had previously approached Nintendo, only to be rebuffed by a company still raking in the profits of the NES. The TurboGrafx used the unusual HuCard format to store games.

The small size of these proprietary cards allowed NEC to re-release the console as a handheld game console. The PC Engine enjoyed brisk sales in Japan, but its North American counterpart, the TurboGrafx, lagged behind the competition. The console never saw an official release in Europe, but clones and North American imports were available in some markets starting in 1990.

console game

NEC advertised their console as "16-bit" to highlight its advances over the NES. This started the trend of all subsequent fourth generations consoles being advertised as 16 bit. Many people still refer to this generation as the 16-bit generation and often refer to the third generation as "8-bit".

Sega scaled down and adapted their Sega System 16 (used to power arcade hits like Altered Beast and Shinobi) into the Mega Drive (sold as the Genesis in North America) and released it with a near arcade-perfect port of Altered Beast.

Sega's console console game lukewarm sales in Japan, but skyrocketed to first place in PAL markets, and made major inroads in North America. Propelled by its effective "Genesis does what Nintendon't" marketing campaign, Sega capitalized on the Genesis's technological superiority over the NES, faithful ports of popular arcade games, and console game pricing. The arcade gaming console game SNK developed console game high end Console game Geo MVS arcade system which used interchangeable cartridges similar to home consoles.

Building on the success of the MVS, SNK repackaged the NeoGeo as the Neo Geo AES home console. Though technologically superior to the other fourth-generation consoles, the AES and its console game were prohibitively expensive, which kept sales low and prevented it from expanding outside its niche market console game into serious competition with Console game and Sega.

The AES did, however, amass a dedicated cult following, allowing it to see new releases into the 2000s. Fourth generation graphics console game allowed these consoles to reproduce the art styles that were becoming popular in arcades and on home computers.

These games often featured lavish background scenery, huge characters, broader color palettes, and increased emphasis on dithering and texture. Games written specifically for the NES, like Megaman, Shatterhand, and Super Mario Bros. 3 were able to work cleverly within its limitations. Ports of the increasingly detailed arcade and home computer games came up with various solutions.

For example, when Capcom released Strider in the arcade they created an entirely separate Strider game for the NES that only incorporated themes and characters from the arcade.

In 1990, Nintendo finally brought their Super Console game to market and brought it to the United States as the Super NES (SNES) a console game later.

Its release marginalized the TurboGrafx and the Neo Geo, but came late enough for Sega to sell several million consoles in North America and gain a strong foothold. The same year the SNES was released Sega released Sonic the Hedgehog, which spiked Genesis sales, similar to Space Invaders on the Atari.

Also, by 1992 the console game fully licensed NFL Football game was released: NFL Sports Talk Football '93, which was available only on the Genesis. This impact on Genesis sales and the overall interest of realistic sports games would start the trend of licensed sports games being viewed as necessary for the success of a console in the US.

While Nintendo enjoyed dominance in Japan and Sega in Europe, the competition between the two was particularly fierce and close in North America.

Ultimately, the SNES outsold the Genesis, but only after Sega discontinued the Genesis to focus on the next generation of consoles.

One trait that remains peculiar to the fourth generation is the huge number of exclusive games.

Both Sega and Nintendo were very successful and their consoles developed console game libraries of games. Both consoles had to be programmed in assembly to get the most out of them. A game optimized for the Genesis could take advantage of its faster CPU and sound chip. A game optimized for the SNES could take advantage of its console game and its flexible, clean sound chip.

Some game series, like Castlevania, saw separate system exclusive releases rather than an attempt to port one game to disparate platforms. When compact disc (CD) technology became available midway through the fourth generation, each company attempted to integrate it into their existing consoles in different ways. NEC and Sega released CD add-ons to their consoles in the form of the TurboGrafx-CD and Sega CD, but both were only moderately successful.

NEC also released the TurboDuo which combined the TurboGrafx-16 and its TurboGrafx-CD add-on (along with the RAM and BIOS upgrade from the Super System Card) into one unit. SNK released a third version of the NeoGeo, the Neo Geo CD, allowing the company to release its games on a cheaper medium than the AES's expensive cartridges, but it reached the market after Nintendo and Sega had already sold tens of millions of consoles each. Nintendo partnered with Sony to work on a CD add-on for the SNES, but the deal fell apart when they realized how much control Sony wanted.

Sony would use their work with Nintendo as the basis for their PlayStation game console. While CDs became an increasingly visible part of the market, CD-reading technology was still expensive in the 1990s, limiting NEC's and Sega's add-ons' sales.

JapanNorth AmericaEuropeUnits sold
PC Engine/TurboGrafx-1619871989198910,000,000
Mega Drive/Genesis19881989199040,000,000
Neo Geo199019911994980,000
Super Famicom/Super NES19901991199249,100,000
Sega CD/Mega-CD1991199219932,24,000

Handheld game consoles[edit]

The first handheld game console released in the fourth generation was the Game Boy, on April 21, 1989.

It went on to dominate handheld sales by an extremely large margin, despite featuring a low-contrast, unlit monochrome screen while all three of its leading competitors had color. Three major franchises made their debut on the Game Boy: Tetris, the Game Boy's killer application; Pokémon; and Kirby.

With some design (Game Boy Pocket, Game Boy Light) and hardware (Game Boy Color) changes, it continued in production in some form until 2008, enjoying a better than 18-year run. The Atari Lynx included hardware-accelerated color graphics, console game backlight, and the ability to link up to sixteen units together in an early example of network play when its competitors could only link 2 console game 4 consoles (or none at all),[25] but its comparatively short battery life (approximately 4.5 hours on a set of alkaline cells, versus 35 hours for the Game Boy), high price, and weak games library made it one of console game worst-selling handheld game systems of all time, with less than 500,000 console game sold.[26][27]

The third major handheld of the fourth generation was the Game Gear.

It featured graphics capabilities roughly comparable to console game Master System (better colours, but lower resolution), a console game made games library by using the "Master-Gear" adapter to play cartridges from the older console, and the opportunity to be converted into a portable TV using a cheap tuner adaptor, but it also suffered some of the same shortcomings as the Lynx.

While it sold more than twenty times as many units as the Lynx, its console game design - slightly larger than even the original Game Boy; relatively poor battery life - only a little better than the Lynx; and later arrival in the marketplace - competing for sales amongst the remaining buyers who didn't already have a Game Boy - hampered its overall popularity despite being more closely competitive to the Nintendo in terms of price and breadth of software library.[28] Sega eventually retired the Game Gear in 1997, a year before Nintendo console game the first examples of console game Game Boy Color, to focus on the Nomad and non-portable console products.

Other handheld consoles released during the fourth generation included the TurboExpress, a handheld version of the TurboGrafx-16 released by Console game in 1990, and the Game Boy Pocket, an improved model of console game Game Boy released about two years before the debut of the Game Boy Color.

While the TurboExpress was another early pioneer of color handheld gaming technology and had the added benefit of using the same game cartridges or 'HuCards' as the TurboGrafx16, it had even worse battery life than the Lynx and Game Gear - about three hours on six contemporary AA batteries - selling only 1.5 million units.[27]

Fifth generation[edit]

Main article: Fifth generation of video game console game this time home computers gained greater prominence as a way of playing video games.

The gaming console industry nonetheless continued to thrive alongside home computers, due to the advantages of much lower prices, easier portability, circuitry specifically dedicated towards gaming, the ability to be played on a television set (which PCs of the time could not do in most cases), and intensive first party software support from manufacturers who were essentially banking their entire future on their consoles.[29]

Home consoles[edit]

The first fifth-generation consoles were the Amiga CD32, console game and the Atari Jaguar.

Although all three consoles were more powerful than the fourth generation systems, none of them would become serious threats to Sega or Nintendo. The 3DO initially generated a great deal of hype in part because of a licensing scheme where 3DO licensed the manufacturing of its console out to third parties, similar to VCR or DVD players.

However, unlike its competitors who could sell their consoles at a loss, all 3DO manufacturers had to sell for profit. The Jaguar had three processors and no C libraries to help developers cope with it. Atari was ineffective at courting third parties and many of their first party games console game poorly received.

Many of the Jaguar's games used mainly console game slowest (but most familiar) of the console's processors, resulting in titles that could easily have been released on the SNES or Genesis.

To compete with emerging next gen consoles, Nintendo released Donkey Kong Country which could display a wide range of tones (something common in fifth-generation games) by limiting the number of hues onscreen, and Star Fox which used an extra chip inside of the cartridge to display polygon graphics.

Sega followed suit, releasing Vectorman and Virtua Racing console game latter of which used the Sega Virtua Processor). Sega also released the 32X, an add-on for the Genesis, while their Sega Saturn was still in development. Despite public statements from Sega claiming that they would continue to support the Genesis/32X throughout the next generation, Sega Enterprises console game Sega of America to abandon the 32X.

The 32X's brief and confusing existence damaged public perception of the coming Saturn and Sega as a whole.

While the fourth generation had seen NEC's TurboGrafx-CD and Sega's Console game CD add-ons, it was not until the fifth generation that CD-based consoles and games began to seriously compete console game cartridges.

CD-ROMs were significantly cheaper to manufacture and distribute than cartridges were, and gave developers room to add cinematic cut-scenes, pre-recorded soundtracks, and voice acting that made more serious storytelling possible.

NEC had been developing a successor to the TurboGrafx-16 as early as 1990, and presented a prototype, dubbed the "Iron Man," to developers in 1992, but shelved the project as the CD-ROM² System managed to extend the console's market viability in Japan into the mid-90s. When sales started to dry up, NEC rushed its old project to the market.

The PC-FX, a CD-based, 32-bit console, had highly advanced, detailed 2D graphics capabilities, and better full-motion video than any other system on the market. It was, however, incapable of handling 3D graphics, forfeiting its chances at seriously competing with Sony and Sega.

The console was limited to a niche market of dating sims and visual novels in Japan, and never saw release in Western markets.

After the abortive 32X, Sega entered console game fifth generation with the Saturn.

Sega released several highly regarded titles for the Saturn, but a series of bad decisions alienated many developers and retailers. While the Saturn was technologically advanced, it was also complex, difficult, and unintuitive to write games for. In particular, programming 3D graphics that could compete with those on Nintendo and Sony's consoles proved exceptionally difficult for third-party developers.

Because the Saturn used quadrilaterals, rather than triangles, as its basic polygon, cross platform games had to be completely rewritten to see a Saturn port. The Saturn was also a victim of internal politics at Sega. While the Saturn sold comparably well in Japan, Sega's branches in North America and Europe refused to license localizations of many popular Japanese titles, holding they were ill-suited to Western markets.

First-party hits like Sakura Taisen never saw Western releases, while several third-party titles released on both PlayStation and Saturn in Japan, like Grandia and Castlevania: Symphony of the Night, were released in North America and Europe as PlayStation exclusives.

Born from a failed attempt to create a console with Nintendo, Sony's PlayStation would not only dominate its generation but become the first console to sell over 100 million units by expanding the video game market.

Sony actively courted third parties and provided them with convenient c libraries to write their games. Sony had built the console from the start as a 3D, disc-based system, and emphasized its 3D graphics that would come to be viewed as the future of gaming. The PlayStation's CD technology won over several developers who had been releasing titles for Nintendo console game Sega's fourth generation consoles, such as Konami, Namco, Capcom, and Square.

CDs were far cheaper to manufacture and distribute than cartridges were, meaning developers could release larger batches of games at higher profit margins; Nintendo's console, on the other hand, used cartridges, unwittingly keeping third-party developers away. The PlayStation's internal architecture was simpler and more intuitive to program for, giving the console an edge over Sega's Saturn.

Nintendo was the last to release a fifth generation console with their Nintendo 64, and when they finally released their console in North America, it came with only two launch titles.

Partly to curb piracy and partly as a result of Nintendo's failed disc projects with Sony (as SNES-CD) and Philips, Nintendo used cartridges for their console. The higher cost of cartridges drove many third party developers to the PlayStation. The Nintendo 64 could handle 3D polygons better than any console released before it, but its games often lacked the cut-scenes, soundtracks, and voice-overs that became standard on PlayStation discs.

Nintendo released several highly acclaimed titles, such as Super Mario 64 and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, and the Nintendo 64 was able to sell tens of millions of units on the strength of first-party titles alone, but its constant struggles against Sony would make the Nintendo 64 the last home console to use cartridges as a medium for game distribution until the Nintendo Switch in 2017.

JapanNorth AmericaEuropeUnits sold
FM Towns Marty1993nonenone45,000
Amiga CD32none19941993100,000
Atari Jaguar199419931994250,000
3DO1994199319942,000,000
PC-FX1994nonenone400,000
Sega 32X199419941995665,000
Virtual Boy19951995none770,000
Sega Saturn1994199519959,260,000
PlayStation199419951995102,490,000
Nintendo 6419961996199732,930,000
Apple Console game game console game handheld game consoles, the fifth generation began with the release of the Virtual Boy on July 21, 1995.[30] Nintendo extensively advertised the Virtual Boy, and claimed to have console game US$25 million on console game promotional activities.[31] The Virtual Boy was discontinued in late 1995 in Japan and in early 1996 in North America.

Nintendo discontinued the system without fanfare, avoiding an official press release.[31] Taken as a whole, the marketing campaign was commonly thought of as a failure.[32] The Virtual Boy was overwhelmingly panned by critics and was a commercial failure.[33] Console game Virtual Boy failed for a console game of reasons, among them "its high price, the discomfort caused by play [.] and what was widely judged to have been a poorly handled marketing campaign."[32]

The Nomad was released in October 1995 in North America only.[34][35] The release was five years into the market span of the Genesis, with an existing library of more than 500 Genesis games.

According to former Sega of America research and development head Joe Miller, the Nomad console game not intended to be the Game Gear's replacement and believes that there was little planning from Sega of Japan for the new handheld.[36] Sega was supporting five different consoles: Saturn, Genesis, Game Gear, Pico, and the Master System, as well as the Sega CD and 32X add-ons. In Japan, the Mega Drive had never been successful and the Saturn was more successful than Sony's PlayStation, so Sega Enterprises CEO Hayao Console game decided to focus on the Saturn.[37] By 1999, the Nomad was being sold at less than a third of its original price.[38]

Meanwhile, the commercial failure of the Virtual Boy reportedly console game little to alter Nintendo's development approach and focus on console game According to Game Over, Nintendo laid blame for the machine's faults directly on its creator, Gunpei Yokoi.[39] The commercial failure of the Virtual Boy was said by members of the video console game press to be a contributing factor to Yokoi's withdrawal from Console game, although he had planned to retire years prior and finished another more successful project for the company, the Game Boy Pocket, which was released shortly console game his departure.

In 1996, Nintendo released the Console game Boy Pocket: a smaller, lighter unit that required fewer batteries.

It console game space for two AAA batteries, which provide approximately 10 hours of game play.[41] Although, like its predecessor, the Game Boy Pocket has no backlight to allow play in a darkened area, it did notably improve visibility and pixel response-time (mostly eliminating ghosting).[42] The Game Boy Pocket was not a new software platform and played the same software as the original Game Boy model.[43]

First released in Japan on October 21, 1998, the Game Boy Color (abbreviated as GBC) added a (slightly smaller) color screen to a form factor console game in size to the Game Boy Pocket.

It also has double the processor speed, three times as much memory,[44] and an infrared communications port. Technologically, it was likened to the 8-bit NES video game console from the 1980s although the Game Boy Color has a much larger color palette (56 simultaneous colors out of 32,768 possible) which had some classical NES ports and newer titles.

It console game in seven different colors; Clear purple, purple, red, blue, green, yellow and silver for the Pokemon edition. Like the Game Boy Light, the Game Boy Color takes on two AA batteries.

It was the final handheld to have 8-bit graphics.

Despite of Nintendo's domination of handheld console market, some competing consoles such as Neo Geo Pocket, WonderSwan, Neo Geo Pocket Color, WonderSwan Color appeared in late 90s and discontinued several years later after their appearance in console game console market.

Sixth generation[edit]

Main article: Sixth generation of video game consoles

Home consoles[edit]

The sixth generation witnessed a shift towards using DVDs console game video game media.

This brought games console game were both longer and more visually appealing. Adding furthermore features with online console gaming and implementing both flash and hard drive storage for game data.

  • Sega's Dreamcast, the first console with a built-in modem, was released in Japan on November 27, 1998.

    The Dreamcast initially underperformed in Console game while interest was initially strong, the company was forced to stop taking preorders due to manufacturing issues, and the system underperformed its sales expectations, with reports of disappointed customers returning Dreamcast consoles to buy Playstation games and peripherals.

After the sluggish sales in Japan, Sega pursued a different strategy in other areas.

The system launched in North America with 18 titles, including the much-anticipated Sonic Adventure. A big part of marketing their system to Console game America was taking advantage of the turn of the century and North America's tendency to console game a products price tag with the number 9.

They came up with the slogan "9/9/99 for $199", and the system initially sold briskly. Despite Japan having a year head start on North America, by the end of 1999 the Dreamcast had sold 2 million units in North America versus only 1 million console game Japan, and at the end of the year Sega controlled 31% of the American video game market.

The Dreamcast went on to launch in Europe on October 14, 1999 and in Australia on November 30, 1999.

However, Sega's success ultimately proved to be console game. Sony announced their own upcoming system, the Playstation 2, in the fall of 1999; while they had few console game on their system, many consumers ultimately held off on buying a system until Sony's own system launched. The PS2 released a year later and received immense critical acclaim.

The PS2 quickly outsold the Dreamcast, eventually going on to become the best-selling video game console of all time while the Dreamcast's own sales stagnated.

The Dreamcast was Sega's last video game console and was the first of the generation's consoles to be discontinued. Sega implemented a special type of optical media called the GD-ROM. These discs were created in order to prevent software piracy, which console game been more easily done with consoles of the previous generation; however, this format was console game cracked as well.

It also sported a 33.6Kb or 56k modem which could be used to access the Internet or play some games that took advantage of this feature, such as Phantasy Star Online, making it the first console with built-in Internet connectivity. An add-on for an Ethernet port allowed one to access broad band Internet though it did not come with console game system. The Dreamcast was discontinued in March 2001, and Sega transitioned to console game developing/publishing only.

  • Sony's PlayStation 2 console game released in Japan on Console game 4, 2000, in North America on October 26, 2000, in Europe on November 24, 2000, and in Australia on November 30, 2000.

    It was the follow-up to its highly successful PlayStation and was also the first home game console to be able to play DVDs. As was console game with the original PlayStation in 2000, Sony redesigned the console in 2004 into a smaller version. As of November 21, 2011 over 140 million Console game 2 units have been sold.[45][46] This makes it the best selling home console of all time to date.

  • Nintendo's GameCube was released in Japan on September 15, 2001, in North America on November 18, 2001, in Europe on May 3, 2002, and in Australia on May 17, 2002.

    It was Nintendo's fourth home video game console and the first console by the company to use optical media instead of console game. The GameCube did not play standard 12 cm DVDs, instead it employed smaller 8 cm optical discs. With the release of the GameCube Game Boy Player, all Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance cartridges could be played on the platform. The GameCube was discontinued in 2007 console game the release of Wii.

  • Microsoft's Xbox was the first dedicated video games console released by the company in North America on November 15, 2001, in Japan on February 22, 2002, and in Europe and Australia on March 14, 2002.

    Microsoft realized the power console game video game consoles and feared with growing capabilities they may take over more console game the living room. It was the first console to employ a hard drive right out of the box to save games, the first to include an Ethernet port for broadband internet, and the beginning of Microsoft's online Xbox LIVE service.

    Microsoft was able console game attract many PC developers by using the NT kernel and DirectX from their Windows operating system. Though criticized for its bulky size and the awkwardness of its original controller, the Xbox eventually gained popularity, especially in the US, where it outsold the GameCube to secure second place, due in part to the success of the Halo franchise.

JapanNorth AmericaEuropeUnits sold
Dreamcast1998199919999,130,000
PlayStation 2200020002000155,000,000
GameCube20012001200221,740,000
Xbox20022001200224,000,000

Handheld game consoles[edit]

During the sixth generation era, the handheld game console market expanded with the introduction of new devices from console game different manufacturers.

Nintendo maintained its dominant share of the handheld market with the release in 2001 of the Game Boy Advance, which featured many upgrades and new features console game the Game Boy. Two redesigns of this system followed, the Game Boy Advance SP in 2003 and the Game Boy Micro in 2005. Also introduced were the Neo Geo Pocket Color in console game and Bandai's WonderSwan Color, launched in Japan in 1999. South Korean company Game Park introduced its GP32 handheld in 2001, and with it came the dawn of open console game handheld consoles.

The Game Boy Advance line of handhelds has sold 81.51 million units worldwide as of September 30, 2010.[47]

A major new addition to the market was console game trend for corporations to include a large number of "non-gaming" features into their handheld consoles, including cell phones, MP3 players, portable movie players, and PDA-like features. The handheld that started this trend was Nokia's N-Gage, which was released in 2003 and doubled primarily as a mobile phone.

It went through a redesign in 2004 and was renamed the N-Gage QD. A second handheld, the Zodiac from Tapwave, was released in 2004; based on the Palm OS, it offered specialized gaming-oriented video and sound capabilities, but console game had an unwieldy development kit due to the underlying Palm OS foundation.

With console game and more PDAs arriving during the previous generation, the difference between consumer electronics and traditional computing began to blur and cheap console console game grew as a result. console game

console game

Console game was said of PDAs that they were "the computers of handheld gaming" because of their multi-purpose capabilities and the increasingly powerful computer hardware that resided within them. This capability existed to move gaming beyond the last console game 16-bit limitations; however, PDAs were still geared towards the typical businessman and lacked new, affordable software franchises to compete with dedicated handheld gaming consoles.

JapanNorth AmericaEuropeUnits sold
Game Boy Advance20012001200181,510,000
N-Gagenone200320033,000,000

Seventh generation[edit]

Main article: Seventh generation of video game consoles

Video game consoles had become an important part of the global IT infrastructure.

It is estimated that video game consoles represented 25% of the world's general-purpose computational power in the year 2007.[48]

Home consoles[edit]

The features introduced in this generation include the support console game new disc formats: Blu-ray Disc, utilized by the PlayStation 3, and HD DVD supported by the Xbox 360 via an optional $200 external accessory addition, that was later discontinued as the format war closed.

Another new technology is the use of motion as input, and IR tracking (as implemented on the Wii). Also, all seventh generation consoles support wireless controllers. This generation also introduced the Nintendo DS, and the Nintendo Console game, which brought touchscreens into the mainstream for and added cameras to portable gaming.

  • Microsoft kicked off the seventh generation with the release of the Xbox 360 console game November 22, 2005, in the United States, December 2, 2005, in Europe, December 10, 2005, in Japan and March 23, 2006, in Australia.

    It featured market-leading processing power until the Sony PlayStation 3 was released one year later. While the original Xbox 360 "Core" did not include console game internal HDD, most Xbox 360 models since have included at least the option to have one. The Xbox 360 optical drive is a DVD9 reader, allowing DVD movies to be played. No Blu-ray drive was included, making big games like Battlefield and Wolfenstein: The New Order require two or more DVDs to play. Up to four controllers can be connected to the console wirelessly on the standard 2.4 GHz spectrum.

    There are 4 discontinued versions of the Xbox 360: the "Arcade," the "Pro," and the "Elite," and the newer "S" or 'slim' model. The "E" version of the Xbox 360 included 3 configurations: a 4GB internal SSD version which acts like a USB hard drive, a 250 GB HDD version, and a branded 320 GB HDD version.

    The Xbox 360 is backward compatible console game about half the games of the original Xbox library.

    In 2010, Microsoft console game Kinect, allowing for motion-controlled games. The Xbox 360 was discontinued on April 20, 2016.

The Xbox 360 had major technical problems on release, with a large portion of its consoles suffering from general hardware failures, nicknamed "the Red Ring of Death (RROD)" for the display of a red ring around the console game power button indicating the problem.

The company spent over $1 billion correcting the problem.

  • Sony's PlayStation 3 was released in Japan on November 11, 2006, in North America on November 17, 2006, and in Europe and Australia on March 23, 2007. All PlayStation 3's come with a hard drive and are able to play Blu-ray Disc games and Blu-ray Disc movies out of the box. The PlayStation 3 was the first video game console to support HDMI output out of the box, using full 1080p resolution.

    Up to seven console game can connect to the console using Bluetooth. There are 6 discontinued versions of the PS3: a 20 GB HDD version (discontinued in North America and Japan, and was never released in PAL territories), a 40 GB HDD version (discontinued), a 60 GB HDD version (discontinued in North America, Japan and PAL territories), 80 GB HDD version (only in some NTSC territories and PAL territories), a "slim" 120GB HDD version (discontinued), and a "slim" console game GB version (discontinued).

    The two current shipping versions console game the PlayStation 3 are: a "slim" 160 GB HDD version and a "slim" 320 GB HDD version. The hard drive can be replaced with any standard 2.5" Serial ATA drive and the system has support for removable media storage, such as Memory Stick, Memory Stick Pro, Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick PRO Duo, USB, SD, MiniSD, and CompactFlash (CF) digital media, but only the PlayStation versions up to 80 GB support this.

    The slim PlayStation 3 consoles (120 GB and up) had removable storage discontinued.[49] All models are backward compatible with the original PlayStation's software library, and the launch models, since console game, are also backward compatible with PlayStation 2 games.

    As a cost-cutting measure, later models removed the Emotion Engine, making them incompatible with PlayStation 2 discs. In 2010, Sony released PlayStation Move, console game for motion-controlled games. With recent software updates, the Console game 3 can play 3D Blu-ray movies and 3D games.

The Atari 2600 became the most popular game console of the console game generation.
The NES made console game console video games popular again in America after the 1983 crash
The Sony PlayStation became the most popular system console game the fifth generation consoles, eventually selling over 100 million systems
With more than 155 million units sold, the Sony PlayStation 2 is the best selling video game console in history
The Dreamcast was the last system released by Sega, who became a third-party software publisher.

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